A country achieves the status of a rich country not only when the richest men in the world abode in that country but also the educated fleet works for the betterment of the country. A country faces a lot of challenges to fulfill the goal of providing primary and secondary school education which is on the top of the list in their national targets. Globally, 70 percent of children taking primary and secondary schooling drop out in lower income countries. In global data, the achievement register boasts of a decrease in the number of school dropout from 2000 to 2015, from 97 million to 62 million.
Important attributes according to which nations are evaluated
According to the world’s rating of ten best countries in upbringing and educating a child, Sweden tops the list for the last two years. It will not be an exaggeration to say that European and Americans have the top spots. All this is attributed to a well-developed public education system, health care systems, gender equality, happiness, income equality, level of safety and many more. Challenges to secondary-school participation are greatest in sub-Saharan African and South Asian countries. The long distances that the children travel daily to achieve the goal of education are the trauma they go through every day. This highlights how the poorer countries tend to have lower levels of enrolment in higher education. If a published data is analyzed for higher education, only 19 out of 100 students, who finish secondary school in India, go for higher education.
Access to higher education
There is a rapid increase in the number of pupils who go for higher education in a number of high-income countries as well as lower ones. But did they benefit from this rise? Or the nation does?
There are certain criteria which decide the achievements attained from educating the young generation of a country. The first one is whether they have entered the institutions of their choice. The compromise which one makes when he goes to a university without liking the course or college proves to be a death of one professional achiever.
The second one is being constrained to lower-quality institutions. And lastly, if the pupils with poor backgrounds still enter prestigious institutions for higher education, they are less likely to complete the course and drop out due to non-availability of financial aid. Due to inequalities in income, such situations play havoc in the life of brilliant students who drop out to support their families. Free or subsidized education should be every child’s right, besides freedom to live.
India and education
Now learning about the global condition of education as well as India, one more eye-opening fact coming your way is that in a list of the world’s top 200 universities, for the year 2014-2015 India has not a single entry. Don’t get completely shocked and disheartened because 4 universities actually made it to the top 400. I believe that the higher education system needs desperate changes to provide students with a competitive environment at par with other countries.
So let us take a peek into the fundamental problems India has in its educational system:
- Short supply of good educators
It is calculated that about 2 million teachers are required to fulfill a ratio of 10:1 teacher per children. But the number is substantially low as this profession attracts fewer pupils due to their meager salaries thus, creating an acute shortage of educators.
- Low-quality institutions
A number of institutes without proper infrastructure are offering higher education. But their motive is to make the profit only and treat this great work of imparting education as a business. The government needs to regulate and make some effective law in order to curb these business-minded people who are running the business of education.
- The medium of education a hurdle
English sometimes creates a communication barrier as many people are non-English speaking in our country. So they face problems in understanding the syllabus which reduces the literacy level.
- Lack of technical hands-on experience
The major focus has always been on textbooks in a university. There is complete or partial lack hands-on experience. This needs to settle down so as to beat students internationally.
- Ambition taking a backseat
Our education system doesn’t instill ambition inside the youngsters to be a better citizen. The bachelors just want to earn a high salary in a reputed IT or BPO company. They never ever once think of creating their own businesses and helping out or motivating their fellow citizens. Also, the Institutes are unsuccessful in developing the personality of the future entrepreneur.
When minds unify in one direction to serve our country, the hurdles will pass. The education system needs a lot of changes but the right implementation is a major task. The government’s role in designing a school education system to motivate students to help out their fellow citizens can be fruitful. Introducing the English language after elementary education can be implemented in India. Educators need more respect as well as more benefits. The Indian education system will be equal to international standards and globally acknowledged.